In 1847 the Terre Haute & Richmond Railroad was chartered to build across the middle of Indiana. The western part was opened in February 1852. [PastTracker] The TH&R probably carried all the freight to Indianapolis that came up the Wabash River by steamboat. This was probably quite a money maker because we learn from PastTracker that the management lost interest in the eastern part, and it was recharted in 1851 as the Indiana Central. The president, Chauncey Rose, turned his attention to reaching St. Louis. The TH&R worked with various Illinois corporations to get connectivity to the Mississippi River. (In crossing wars, I learned that in the early 1850s laws had yet to be written that allowed railroads to get interstate charters.) While the board of the TH&R fought with the Illinois based railroada, the workers continued to deliver goods between the Mississippi River and Indianapolis. This was especially important when the Civil War broke out because commercial trade on the river stopped. In February 1865, the St. Louis, Vandalia & Terre Haute Railroad was incorporated. There are more details on this new railroad below the first map. In March 1865 the Indiana legislature changed the name of TH&R to reflect the reality of Terre Haute & Indianapolis (TH&I). "On 1 January 1905 it consolidated with the St. Louis, Vandalia & Terre Haute, Terre Haute & Logansport, Logansport & Toledo, and the Indianapolis & Vincennes to form the Vandalia Railroad Company." [PastTracker]
As early as 1868, the Pennsy was interested in the TH&I. They finally acquired it in 1893, just in time to have it add to its woes in the depression of 1893. By 1904 the laws for interstate incorporation were well established and the Vandalia Railroad was incorporated with all of the properties listed in the map below. [PastTracker] Search the Panhandle page for "Vandalia" and read the rest of that posting to see how the Vandalia Railroad was completely absorbed by the Pennsy by 1956.
See Tom's page for a description of the South Bend end of the Vandalia. There used to be a lot of industry in South Bend --- Singer Sewing Machines, Oliver Chilled Plow Works (which later made tractors), and Studebaker. Even Notre Dame was a source of railroad traffic because of the "Football Specials."
|Map 14 from Mark D. Bej's CentHist, Copyleft|
|Map 9 from Mark D. Bej's CentHist, Copyleft|
|An excerpt from the above map at downloaded file resolution.|