Friday, March 5, 2021

1968 Belleville Locks and Dam on Ohio River and 1999 42 MW Powerhouse


I don't like the Huntington District website because they do not include an aerial photo of the locks and dam like the other USACE districts do. The damming height is 32' above the sills, and the normal lift is 22'. The locks are 1,200' and 600' x 110'. The eight tainter gates are 110' wide and the "clearance above maximum high water when fully raised [is] approximately 5ft."  [USACE]

[I believe this photo is of the Belleville Dam. AMP added the 42 MW run-of-the-river hydroelectric power plant to this dam.]

This is the third example I've seen of the Ohio River running high during the first week of March, 2021. The first example was a photo showing the downstream pool of a Byrd Lock that was about as high as the upstream pool. The second example was a video of a tow going under some Cincinnati bridges with a high river. This example is the M/V Edith Tripp becoming disabled because its single propeller got jammed by a log.
Dan Kemper posted
Edith Tripp, on the left and Mrs Hatcher passing under the Ravenswood bridge about 530 pm 3,/3/21. One of them broke loose upriver and was unmanned. It was caught and was being steered downriver. I think I have seen Mrs Hatcher moored at a sand and gravel business rt side descending , just below the Belleville lock.
Carl Reese: The boat was shoving out of Belleville Lock N/B lost power and went through the dam. They said the crew got off in a skiff with no motor and floated down in the Chamber and got off on a lock wall. We made crew change at Belleville this Morning on the Mary Lucy Lane. They locked up behind the Mary Lucy. My partner that relieved me called and told me that it happened. Glad everyone is ok.
Jamie Sunderland: Carl Reese talked to man over the locks this morning. The boat made it about 1/4 mile above the locks. Got something in the wheel and smoked the clutch. They then started getting folks to the banks. Boat hit the piers and broke loose. Boat went under roller and barge stayed stuck. They retrieved the other barge this morning. As they lowered water levels the barge shifted and flushed through also.
Dan Kemper: Carl Reese Crew was on the ball to get off that fast . Amazing.
Bud Osbourne: Jamie Sunderland The heavy drift, above the lock, is what got the Jon S. Strong stalled out right above the dam, in 2005. I suspect it was heavy drift accumulation that caused this one, also. Just glad to learn that everyone is OK. Could have been really horrible, very easily.]
Joe Engle: Mrs. Hatcher used to be Dale Taylor. Works the valley fleet at mile 230.
[Note that the gates were tainter, not roller. The trainter has 5' clearance above maximum high water. The hydrologic diagram below shows the maximum is 43' and the river was around 34' at the time of the allision. So it had 5+(43-34) = 14' of clearance. The M/V Edith Tripp is 34' tall with an 8' draft. So for a 26' boat to go through a 14' hole, the boat would have been shoved over pretty far as it went under the gate. It is amazing the radar mast is just bent rather than broken off.]

"While going through the Belleville Lock, a log became entangled in the single prop causing loss of power to the vessel." (So Bud Osbourne's theory of drift causing the accident was correct.) M/V Mrs Hatcher was able to catch up with the Edit Tripp around Portland, OH. In the photo above, it is returning the captured Edit Tripp to its base of operation, Valley Stone, in Millwood, WV. Later, Mrs Hatcher made another trip to retrieve the barge after it came loose from the dam. This article says Edith Tripp went through the lock instead of a gate. But that does not explain how the radar mast got bent. (The article's use of the name Miss Hatcher is incorrect. The Facebook comments are correct concerning Mrs Hatcher.) [MeigsIndyPress] (I didn't know that some towboats had just one screw. I wonder how they move the front end of a tow sideways with just one screw.)

The river was running high on Mar 3, 2021.

WTAP Screenshot @ 0:30
[Note that the barge is behind the middle two gates. There are closeups in the video.]

Dan Kemper commented on his post
 Belleville lock under construction , about 1968

Dan Kemper commented on his post
I did have a pic of survey I did that still showed the crane rails from construction.

Jamie Sunderland commented on Dan's post
Here is the rails still in place from the crane.
Dan Kemper: That is a one heck of an imaging device. Amazing !!!

At first, I was trying to figure out why the water would be so turbulent in a lock. And then I realized that I was looking at an ice flow in the lock.
David Webster, Jan 2018

Another view of Mrs Hatcher towing Edit Tripp. The bridge in the background is at Ravenswood, WV, 
CR Neal commented on Dan Kemper's post
Glad to see I didn't photobomb your shot with my drone Dan Kemper.

Belleville is where the 8-man crew escaped from Edith Tripp, Portland is where the towboat was caught, Ravenswood is the location of the two photos, and the red dot is Millwood where the towboat was secured by the harbor towboat Mrs Hatcher.
Road Map

Thursday, March 4, 2021

An Overview of Cincinnati's Ohio River Bridges

Looking upriver
LC-DIG-highsm- 42059
Credit line: Photographs in the Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Carol M. Highsmith's photographs are in the public domain.

Looking downriver
3D Satellite
This post is what motivated me to look at the collection of bridges.
Screenshot from a time-lapse video of a tow going downriver with 53' on the gauge

The same day I saw this video of a tow at Cincinnati on a high river, I had seen a photo of a tow in a Byrd lock that showed the river was high. Someone had mentioned that the river at Cincinnati was 54' and rising so I captured the hydrology data.

Wednesday, March 3, 2021

1985 I-471 Daniel Carter Beard Bridge over Ohio River at Cincinnati, OH

(Bridge HunterSatellite)

The official name is the Daniel Carter Beard Bridge, but Bridge Hunter indicates the popular name is the Big Mac Bridge. "Constructed started 1971; opened to limited traffic 1977; dedicated 1981; entire I-471 project completed 1985." The longest span is 757.6' [Bridge Hunter] When it takes almost a decade to build a bridge, I wonder what the cost overrun was.

Credit line: Photographs in the Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Carol M. Highsmith's photographs are in the public domain.

Credit line: Photographs in the Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Carol M. Highsmith's photographs are in the public domain.

Fortunately, the street view car went on the other side of the flood gate.
Street View

Tuesday, March 2, 2021

Winfield Locks, Dam and 14.76 MW Powerhouse on Kanawha River


I never heard of the Kanawha River until I saw Connie's post below. But it is big enough to not only have a waterway but to have some non-trivial truss bridges over it. I'll save the bridges for another day.

I wonder why this dam was originally built with two rather small locks. The tainter gate between the standard waterway lock and the two smaller locks is interesting. We can see from Connie's post that the main part of the dam uses roller gates. The original locks and dam were built in the 1930s with a cost of $6m. The new lock and gate bay were built in the 1980s and 90s with a cost of $277m. So this dam illustrates the evolution of gate technology from rollers to tainters. The damming height is 28'. The powerhouse has a capacity of 14.76 MW. "New Main lock is 110' wide by 800' long with miter gates. Twin auxiliary locks each of which are 56' wide by 360' long, with miter gates." [USACE]


It appears that they have a broken gate and that allows us to see how much the other gates have been raised.
Connie Bays posted
Winfield Locks and Dam, WV
Christian Townsend: Looks like the river is starting to run

Unfortunately, Lock and Dam #25 on the Mississippi River is also known as Winfield Lock and Dam. I finally found some search keywords to give me results for this dam.
Winfield Lock and dam is one of the essential navigation projects on the Kanawha River, used primarily for the shipment of coal and chemicals for the large industrial complex of Charleston. There are 5 recreation areas at the lock site, visitors center, overlook, observation areas, several nature/wildlife habitat ponds and over 1 1/2 miles of fishing acess. Recreation facilities are located in the pool area.
I had noticed this photo in today's, 3/2/2021, Chicago Tribune.
Chicago Tribune

So I checked out the hydrological data. The level of the river more than doubled in a little over 24 hours! This is an illustration of the dangers of rivers in mountain valleys.

 "A very swollen Kanawha River below the Winfield Locks. Some mighty big catfish in these waters and the tail waters of the dam along with the sandy river bottom create ideal habitat. Dan Robie 2011"

Monday, March 1, 2021

Kentucky River Lock and Dam #1 near Carrolton, KY


The Kentucky River waterway system is like some I've documented in Wisconsin: it was viable in the 19th Century, but not in the 21st Century. [AbandonedOnline]
Lock and Dam 1 were built from 1836-1842 and support a 27-mile long pool of water.  The original dam was a timber crib structure, consisting of an outside frame of timbers filled with dirt and rock, and the original lock was stone masonry.  The structures are located four miles above the mouth of the Ohio River.  Lock 1 was shut down in 2007 because of mechanical and structural problems. 

Terry Breeck posted
Ky river at lock 1 during high water.

When the Ohio River is around 25' on the Markland river gauge, the lower pool of this dam tops the dam. The normal drop is 427.6-419.4 = 8.2' [OhioGameFishing]

Sunday, February 28, 2021

1940 Glover Cary Bridge over Ohio River at Owensboro, KY

(Bridge Hunter; Historic Bridges; Satellite)

The official name is Owensboro Bridge. A common name is the Blue Bridge. This bridge used to carry US-231 across the Ohio, but US-231 was moved to a cable-stay bridge northeast of this town in 2002.

Street View

Street View

Some of the photos in Bridge Hunter show that the bridge was getting brown (rust) in places. I'm glad to see that it now has a fresh coat of paint. Nathan Holth comments in Bridge Hunter that the deck was replaced in 2011.

This is the post that brought this big truss bridge to my attention.
RiverWorks Discovery posted three photos with the comment: "Northbound on the Ohio at Owensboro heading towards the Glover H. Cary 'Blue Bridge' and its changing light display on Evansville Marine's M/V Angie A.   Courtesy of Capt Steven Fancher."



LC-DIG-highsm- 63937
Credit line: Photographs in the Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Carol M. Highsmith's photographs are in the public domain.

Saturday, February 27, 2021

US-33 1981 Richie Bridge over Ohio River at Ravenswood, WV

(Bridge Hunter; no Historic Bridges; Satellite)

The 1981 built date for this bridge explains why Historic Bridges hasn't written about this bridge. It replaced a ferry that used to run from Walnut Street. This has to be close to one of the last truss bridges built because soon after this America adopted the cable-stay design that had been developed in Europe during the rebuild after WWII. The longest span is 900'. [Bridge Hunter]

I noticed in the street views that there were very few, if any, cars on the bridge. No wonder they ran a ferry into the 1980s.

Street View

Street View

Street View

This was the post that taught me about another truss bridge that still exists in the US.
RiverWorks Discovery posted
Amherst Madison's M/V WEST VIRGINIA  southbound going under the Ritchie Bridge in Ravenswood, West Virginia on a beautiful January afternoon. Courtesy of Todd Hanson.

CR Neal commented on Dan Kemper's post
Glad to see I didn't photobomb your shot with my drone Dan Kemper.
[Dan Kemper's photo is here.]