Saturday, April 15, 2017

Welland Canal

Actually, there were four Welland Canals because navigating down the Niagara Escarpment that creates the Niagara Falls was very important before railroads were developed. Boats had to descend 326 feet [WellandLibrary] from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. The following table that summarizes the canals is from WellandCanal-history. Please reference that link for details concerning the canals.

Welland Canal Facts First
Number Of Locks 40 27 26 8
Width Of Locks 6.7m 8.1m 13.7m 24.4m
Length Of Locks 33.5m 45.7m 82.3m 261.8m
Depth Of Canal 2.4m 2.7m 4.3m 8.2m

Converting the numbers for the Fourth Canal from meters to feet gives us 859' x 80' x 27', which we can compare to the St. Lawrence Seaway that was built in 1959 at 740' x 78' x 26.5'. [Canal Dimensions] The current depth of the canal has been increased to 30'.

Satellite images: Lock 1, Lock 2, St. Catharines Museum & Welland Canals Centre and Lock 3, Twin Flight Locks (Locks 4-6), Lock 7, and Lock 8.

[This reference has maps of all four canals and some more pictures of today's canal.]
Screenshot from video posted by Mohamed Seghir Lahdiri
Welland Canal
Itoldyou Eh How far ahead do you have your loading schedule ?
Mohamed Seghir Lahdiri Two weeks ahead
Bill Trainor posted, cropped
John D Leitch between locks one and two of the Welland Canal.
David Hallsten my God thats a homley ship. . .
Bill Bird posted some pictures about the triple locks being shut down because of an oil spill. He also had some pictures showing that Lake Ontario was higher than normal.

Arrived Sunday to find the Welland Canal closed. It had been that way since Saturday afternoon. Federal Cedar is stuck in Lock 5 East.

The problem was an oil leak in the flight locks due to the malfunctioning of canal equipment. A boom was placed at the north end of Lock 4 east.

Workers test the water to make sure the spillage is contained.

Even when traffic resumed shortly after noon Sunday, Federal Cedar stayed put. Downbound ships used the west side of the locks meaning upbounders would have to wait. It wasn't until after supper that Federal Cedar would be underway.

Among those held up was Tim S Dool seen here entering Lock 7.

Dool had a cargo of iron ore for Arcelor Mittal Dofasco in Hamilton.
Clarence Vautier posted
[There were no informative comments. It appears to be entering the downstream lock of the two-flight locks. I wonder how often they do "left-hand" running.]

Screenshot, they are indeed colliding. The red ship lost steering. [DeBruler]
I know that speeding up the video (60x according to the comments) exaggerates the movement, but it seemed to bounce back and forth as it entered the first lock. At 6:22 a rolling bridge goes up after a train passes. Plus there are some lift bridges that we see go up.

Since the bridge and living quarters is on the bow, I think that makes it an old boat. But it has been remodeled because it has a self-unloader.

Then it occurred to me to Google it. I found a site that tracks marine traffic

I was wrong. It was built in 1967 as a self-unloader. The self-unloader has been upgraded a couple of times. The discharge boom can be swung 95 degrees in both directions.
At the time of her launch, the vessel was the largest capacity self-unloading vessel on the Great Lakes. Her unique squared hull design reduced wasted space thus increasing her tonnage. Her tall wheelhouse and forward accommodations has given her the distinction of being known as the "little bank building on floats"....With the exception of the converted steamer James Norris, the vessel is now the oldest self-unloader in the Upper Lakes fleet.

Screenshot, a video from inside Lock 4 (source)
Screenshot of a chemical/petroleum tanker leaving Lock 4 east.

Cameron Wilkes Whitehall shared two photos with the comment: "91 Years Ago Today, September 16, 1929. Lock 8 of the Welland Canal officially opens for vessel traffic."

On August 6, 1932, after dredging was completed and all restrictions were lifted, the leviathan steamship LEMOYNE, “Queen of the Lakes,” was able to transit the Welland Ship Canal. Planned for the day was an impressive Inaugural Ceremony that would put the spotlight on the capability of Canadian engineering – Setting the young country on the world stage.


A downbound time-lapse video  Since this was posted to a Great Lakes group, I presume they are traversing the Welland Canal.

Another time-lapse video. Many comments correct the incorrect description that this is of the Panama Channel.

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