(Update: peruse the comments on this post about their retail store on State Street and some more information on the Michigan Avenue headquarters.)
1892 Mail Order Establishment and 1899 Headquarters Tower
Montgomery Ward's first major building was their 1892 Mail Order Establishment building on Michigan Avenue. Michigan Central and Illinois Central had freight houses just across Michigan Avenue from here at that time.
[As expected, there are no cars or trucks. The slot between the tracks and the style of the cars indicates they are cable cars. Electric technology to make streetcars feasible was still being developed in 1892.]
In 1899, they built a headquarters tower on the south side of the warehouse building.
|Via Chicagology1, 1910|
Historic Chicago posted
Montgomery Ward Building on Michigan Avenue (1900)
|Todd Protzman Davis shared|
Zachary Taylor Davis - Chicago Architect posted
Schmidt, Garden & Martin’s 1897 Montgomery Ward Tower, c. 1910. Four extra stories would be added on top of the main structure in 1923 by architects Holabird & Roche, wrapping around the lower part of the tower. Until 1947 the building had a steep Italianate pyramid, topped by a 22.5-foot sculpture "Progress Lighting the Way For Commerce". The tower reached a height of 394 feet.
Jim Pinto The base three floors underwent an alteration as well, maybe in the 1930s.
Zachary Taylor Davis - Chicago Architect posted again
The Montgomery Ward & Company Building (now known as 6 North Michigan Ave.) c. 1900-1906. It was designed by Schmidt, Garden & Martin, with additional work by Holabird & Roche in 1923 when four extra stories were added on top of the main structure - wrapping around the lower part of the tower.
This building was built as the headquarters for retailer Montgomery Ward, a pioneer in the mail-order business. The founder, Aaron Montgomery Ward, whose office here faced over the lake, was instrumental in preserving the open lakefront and creating Grant Park.
The building had its steep Italianate pyramid, topped by a 22.5-foot sculpture "Progress Lighting the Way For Commerce" until 1947 - the tower reaching a height of 394 feet. It was the tallest building in Chicago from 1899 to 1922, when it was surpassed by the Wrigley Building.
Zachary Taylor Davis - Chicago Architect posted three photos with the comment: (source)
Richard E. Schmidt’s (Schmidt, Garden & Martin) 1897 (completed 1899) magnificent Montgomery Ward and Company Building at 6 N. Michigan Ave. - pictured here with its original steep Italianate pyramid, topped by a 22.5-foot sculpture, "Progress Lighting the Way For Commerce". The tower reached a height of 394 feet. Four extra stories were added on top of the main structure in 1923 by architects Holabird & Roche, wrapping around the lower part of the tower. This was the tallest building in Chicago from 1899 to 1922 - when it was surpassed by the Wrigley Building.John Rauch Did the sculpture get moved to the Company’s building at Chicago Ave and the river?
During the 1990s the Chicago Athenaeum had a two-level architecture museum at the base. The building converted to condominiums in 2001, and at that time the developers considered restoring the pyramid.
Building trivia/mystery: On the 7th of December 1996, mystery writer Eugene Izzi died by hanging (out of the window) in Suite 1418 of the building. Three computer disks were found in his pockets (along with a pair of brass knuckles and $481 in cash), pertaining to a novel about the death of a mystery writer in a similar fashion. It was planned for the book to be his big comeback as a writer.
Zachary Taylor Davis - Chicago Architect John Rauch, yes.
When built, it was the tallest building in Chicago at 394' until the Wrigley Building was built in 1922 at 398'. It is now just 282' because the pyramid, open-air observatory, and statue has been removed. But the other reason the tower is no long prominent is that its steel frame and 50' pilings foundation were so strong that they added four more stories on top of the original 12 stories. The observatory was the third highest in the world. [Chicagology1, Chicagology2]
|Dolores Davison-Schroeder posted|
Michigan Avenue 1922
A street car strike led to this traffic jam.
[The headquarter's tower is still intact and it still dominates the Michigan Avenue facade. An interesting question is how many of those other buildings still exist?]
|Carey Wintergree commented on a post|
[Of particular interest in this illustration is the 8-hitch wagon.]
|Zachary Taylor Davis - Chicago Architect posted (source)|
From the 1910 folio, One Hundred and Twenty-Five Photographic Views of Chicago - the Montgomery Ward & Co. building at 6 N. Michigan Ave. (1899, Richard E. Schmidt, architect.) The 22.5-foot weather vane, Progress Lighting the Way for Commerce, was set October 20, 1900. The design allowed for the addition of four stories without reinforcing the columns of the lower stories, which was done in 1923 by architects Holabird & Roche, wrapping around the lower part of the tower. In 1947 the steep Italianate pyramid was removed, including the sculpture.
[There are more photos in the comments on this posting.]
|Ed Raff posted|
Barry Jacobs Titled "Progress Lighting the Way for Commerce." Dismantled 1947.
[The statue on the 1929 Montgomery Ward's building was titled "Spirit of Progress."]
|Glen Miller posted|
Special agent making his rounds at night at the South Water Street freight terminal of the Illinois Central Railroad, Chicago (1943) LOC
The original headquarters tower is also visible in some photos of Michigan Avenue.
20th Century Buildings
|Bird's Eye Veiw|
When built, it was the world's largest reinforced-concrete building, and each floor covers six acres with ceiling heights between 12 and 17 feet. Using reinforced-concrete is nothing special now, but in the early 20th century it was a pioneering form of construction. In 1908 they sold the Michigan Avenue buildings.
|Kenneth Swedroe posted|
the world's largest mail ordering operation.
[I doubt if those ships are unloading products, but the Catalog House had a ground-floor shipping platform that could accommodate 24 railroad freight cars.]
|Kristin Robison posted|
600 W Chicago, the old Montgomery Ward building
|Bill Kolton posted|
Great seafood shack on the other side of the river back in the 60's, Joe's.
|The Engineering Record, May 11, 1097 via Chicagology3|
|The Engineering Record, May 11, 1097 via Chicagology3|
The 1908 building was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1978. Montgomery Ward went bankrupt in 2001. The Catalog House has now been redeveloped as a mix-use building. The city contributed $28 million, most of which was used to build the river walk. 100,000 sq. ft. of the building exploits the riverfront as retail space. The 28-story admin building is now The Montgomery. And the land he bought in 1906 south of Erie Street is now a riverfront park. So Mr. Ward not only preserved the lakefront as open space, he provided some much needed open space along the North Branch.
[NYtimes, nps.gov, Chicagology2, Chicagology3]
|1938 Aerial Photo from ILHAP|